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Important Facts to Know About the Turkish Language:

 

It is phonetic so it is pronounced in exactly the same way as it is read.

 

There are 29 letters in the alphabet

The letters Q , W and X are not in the Turkish alphabet.

 

The Turkish alphabet has some letters that are not present in English including ö ç ş ı ğ ü.

 

The current Turkish alphabet was introduced in 1928 by the founder of Turkey called Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.

 

In the East, many Turks will also speak Kurdish.

 

There are two versions for the word “ You ”.  “ Siz “ is formal and kept for people that you are unfamiliar with. “ Sen ” is informal and used when speaking with friends and family.

Useful Links

 

Useful Turkish Phrases:

English - Turkish - Pronunciation

Hello - Merhaba - MARE-HA-BA

Good evening - İyi akşamlar - EE AK-SHAM-LAR

Good-bye (said by person leaving) - Hoşçakal - HOSH-CHA-KAL

Good-bye (said by person staying) - Güle güle - GUU-LEH GUU-LEH

How are you? - Nasılsın? - NA-SEL-SIN

I am fine, and you? - İyiyim, sen nasılsın? - EE-IM, SEN  NA-SEL-SIN

Not very well - Çok iyi değil - CHOK EEYI DEY-EEL

Thank you - Teşekkür ederim - TE-SH-QU-ERR ED-ERR-IM

You’re welcome - Birşey değil. (in response to “Thank you”) - BEER-SHEY DEY-EEL

Please - Lütfen - LUT-FEN

Do you speak English? - İngilizce konuşur musunuz? INN-GLIZ-JE CON-NUSH MUS-UN-UZ

Do you know English? - İngilizce biliyor musunuz? - INN-GLIZ-JE BILL-IYOR MUS-UN-UZ

I don’t speak Turkish - Türkçe bilmiyorum - TURK-JEH BILL-MI-YOR-UM

I don’t understand - Sizi anlamıyorum - SI-ZI ANN-LA-MA-YOR-UM

Could you please repeat - Şunu tekrar edebilir misiniz - SHU-NU TEK-RA ED-EBB-ILL-EAR MISS-IN-IZ

Pleased to meet you - Tanıştığımıza sevindim./Memnum oldum - TAN-ISH-TI-IM-IZA SEV-IN-DIM/ MEM-NUM-OLL-DUM

Where is the washroom - Afedersiniz, tuvalet nerede? - AFF-ED-DER-SIN-IZ TOO-WA-LET NER-REY-DE

How much does it cost? - Ne kadar? - NAY KAD-AR

May I speak to [Name]? - [Name] ile görüşebilir miyim? - ILL-EH GOR-EH-SHEBB-ILL-EAR ME-YIM

I am sorry - Özür dilerim - BILL-IYOR

Excuse me - Pardon - PARR-DON

Can you help me? - Afedersiniz? - AFF-ED-DAR-SAN-IZ

Yes - Evet - EV-ET

No - Hayır - HI-EAR

I don’t know - Bilmiyorum - BILL-ME-YOR-UM

Okay/Alright - Tamam - TAM-AM

Welcome - Hoş Geldiniz - HOSH GEL-DIN-IZ

We came well (response to hoş geldiniz) - Hoş Bulduk - HOSH BULL-DUK

One - Bir - Beer

Two - Ici - Ikky

Three - Uc - Ooch

Four - Dort - Dort

Five - Bec - Besh